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Introducing Kermanshah

The Province's Capacities

Agriculture: Kermanshah has very high potentials for agricultural developments regarding its diverse climates and soil and water resources. The vast plains of Kermanshah spread along cold, mild, and hot regions. Production of cold and subtropical crops such as dates and citrus are of special features of the province. There are nearly 400,000 hectares of plains and abundant surface and underground water supplies which create a lot of potentials for production of commercial crops such as strawberries, grapes, beans, nuts, and almonds.

Animal husbandry: 4/1 million hectares of pastures with proper forage and favorable weather conditions lead to breed different kinds of  livestock and poultry. Kermanshah is also in a very good condition for apiculture.

Cultivation and Horticulture: The total area of arable land in Kermanshah has been over 820000 according to reports in 1998. Cereals, forage, Jaaliz and summer crops  grow in tropical regions of  Kermanshah. Citrus and date palm trees grow in some of these parts, too. However, cold regions are good for cultivation of cereals, beans, forage, sugar beet, oil seeds, vegetables, garden products, and etc. According to reports in 1998, the total production of horticultural crops was about 77821 tons, of which the largest share was the production of fruits with seeds as large as 28727 tons.

Forests and Pastures: Vegetation is divided into three general categories which form the dominant and distinctive plants of Kermanshah:

Forests, trees, and shrubs: Kermanshah's forests are mainly Iran's native oak. In addition, one can find various species of oak , wild pistachio, peanuts, nuts, figs, button-wood, and ash in Kermanshah.

Wild plants and medicinal herbs: Pennyroyal (Pooneh), rhubarb (Rivaas), acanthus (Kangar), milk vetch (Gavan), eremurus (Serish), fenugreek (Shanbalile),  licorice (Shirin bayaan) are among wild plants and medicinal herbs in Kermanshah.

Pastures: Considering the special geographical situation and having two distinct cold and warm weather in the vicinity of each other, Kermanshah has varied pastures, including: Yaylak, Gishlag and mid- pastures (Miyaan band).  

Industries and Mines:  Industry in Kermanshah is divided into two groups of handicrafts and machine industries. Handicrafts in Kermanshah include rugs, Gelims, Jajim (coarse) and different kinds of Giveh. The largest manufacturing industry in Kermanshah is the oil refinery which is located next to Gharasoo river. The oldest factory of food industry in Kermanshah is the Sugar factory of Islam Abad-e- Gharb. The main mines of Kermanshah are iron, lead, sulfur, and  Quartzite. There are two industrial cities in Kermanshah with more than 256 manufacturing units built in them.

Handicrafts: Handicrafts in Kermanshah include: Weaving Gelims, Jajim, rugs, Felt making (namad maali), Giveh keshi, Ghalamzani, and making metal objects.

Weaving Gelims:  Weaving gelims is a homemade handicraft and it is common in most parts of Kermanshah. Among the most famous regions for weaving gelims is Harsin county which has a high reputation for its gelims.

Weaving Jajim: Jajim has long been popular among rural and tribal families in Kermanshah. Jajim is used as a warm dress.

Weaving rugs: Roles woven on rugs are mostly native and local. The art is prevalent among rural people.

Felt making (namad maali): Namad maali is a traditional and practical art in tribal regions of Kermanshah.

Giveh keshi: Giveh is called "Kelash" in local terms. It  is common to use Giveh as a light, soft, comfortable and resistant footwear for climbing and passing rocky mountainous areas in Kermanshah.

Ghalamzani: Ghalamzani which means decorating and carving patterns on metal objects such as copper, gold, silver, brass using a chisel and hammer, had a very good appeal in ancient times in Kermanshah.   

Making metal objects: There are workshops in Kerend city that focus on making metal objects and tools such as daggers, knives, keys and locks.

 Cultural and Religious: There are 76 mosques, 11 cultural centers, and 8 public libraries in Kermanshah. Among the well-known figures of Kermanshah, one can see names of poets such as Hadi Arfa' and calligraphers such as the late Mirza Kalhor, Amirkhaani, and Ayatollah Nojoumi. Well-known writers of this land are Ali Mohammad Afghani, Abdol Ali Avesta, Asadollah Amjadi, Ali Almasi, Jalaladdin Kazazi and Behzad.

Kermanshah Universities: Kermanshah main universities are Razi University, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah University of Technology, Azad University (Kermanshah branch), Payame Noor University (Kermanshah branch), Jahad daneshgahi Institute of higher education, and Kermanshah University of Applied Science and Technology.

Calligraphy and Music: Many famous calligraphers such as Mirza Reza Kalhor, Ayatollah Seyyed Morteza Nojoumi, Andollah Javari, and Keykhosro Khorvash are from Kermanshah. Shahram Nazeri and Manoucher Taherzade are among well-known Kermanshahi artists in the field of music.

Historical Mosques: Emadodolleh , Haj Shahbaz khaan, Ayatollah Boroujerdi , Chehelsotoon ( the central mosque), Shaafeihaa, Shahzaade, and Navab are among the well-known historical mosques in Kermanshah.

Tourist Attractions

Taq-e Bostan: It is a site with a series of large rock relief from the era of Sassanid Empire of Persia. This example of Sassanid art is located 5 km from the city center of Kermanshah in western Iran. It is located in the heart of the Zagros mountains, where it has endured almost 1,700 years of wind and rain. The site has been turned into an archaeological park and a series of late Sassanid and Islamic column capitals have been brought together.

The Behistun Inscription (also Bisotun, Bistun or Bisutun): It is a multi-lingual inscription located on Mount Behistun in Kermanshah Province of Iran, near the city of Kermanshah in western Iran. It was crucial to the decipherment of cuneiform script.

Authored by Darius the Great, sometime between his coronation as king of the Persian Empire in 522 BC, the inscription is approximately 15 meters high by 25 meters wide and 100 meters up a limestone cliff from an ancient road connecting the capitals of Babylonia and Media.

 

 

The Anahita Temple: Anahita temple located at Kangāvar, and it is one of two archaeological sites in Iran popularly thought to have been attributed to the ancient deity Anahita. The remains at Kangavar reveal an edifice that is Hellenistic in character, and yet display Persian architectural designs.

 

Takieh Mo'aven ol-Molk

The shrine remains very much active, with tiles depicting a wacky gamut of images from Quranic scenes, to pre-Islamic motifs including Shahnameh kings, European villages and local notables in 19th-century costumes. A lovely building to the right is now an Ethnographic Museum displaying regional costumes.

 

The Niloofar Sarab (wetland):  It is located 30 km. northwest of Kermanshah and in Kermanshah - Kouzran road. This wetland has a large pool covered with lotus flowers. The same is a recreational area, besides which fishing is also possible here.